5X5 Standard

At 4 AM on Jan 6, 2021, the Massachusetts Legislature passed the Transportation Bond Bill (H5248, unanimously by the House and one dissenting vote in the Senate). The Governor signed the portion with solar-powered mobility networks on Jan 15th. This breaks the regulatory barrier documented in Congressional study PB-244854. In the next few months we expect the 5X5 Standard will be institutionalized in at least one Massachusetts project:

  • Page 21 and lines 717-720:
  • provided further, that not less than $1,300,000 shall be expended for the executive office of energy and environmental affairs, in conjunction with the Massachusetts Department of Transportation, to develop and implement solar-powered mobility networks;

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More of what is failing will likely fail. Current traffic problems are unsustainable. To encourage mobility innovations, the ___CITY__or__STATE___ shall apply the following existing regulations to mobility innovations with the following parameters:

  1. Parameters:
    1. Privately funded construction and/or deployment.
    2. Mobility systems that are five times (5X) more efficient than roads (125 mpg or energy equivalent).
    3. Operated without government subsidies.
    4. Pay 5 percent of the gross transportation revenues to the aggregate rights-of-way holders.
    5. Exceed safety performance of transportation modes already approved for use.
    6. Systems with above ground, grade-separated guideways must gather more than 2 megawatt-hours of renewable energy per network mile per typical day.
  2. Regulations:
    1. Vehicles that are self-driving shall comply with current laws applied to self-driving cars.
      • Grade-separated guideways shall be exempt from the regulations specifically addressing the complexities of operating on existing roadways (Ref: Morgantown’s PRT and Disney’s Monorail).
    2. Access to existing Rights of Ways shall comply with existing Rights of Way use regulations.
    3. Grade-separated guideways must be designed, fabricated, installed, insured, and inspected in compliance with the Massachusetts Department of Public Safety (ASTM International F24 standards for Amusement Rides and Devices);

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We will make every effort for these funds to be used only for local government approval processes. The building of the networks should be privately funded.

5X5 Standard:

The 5X5 Standard provides a simple and effective way to create a stable regulatory environment so $billions will be invested in sustainable infrastructure.

  1. This standard applies to Networks 5 times more efficient than existing transport modes in a Right of Way.
  2. Construction of the Networks must be privately funded.
  3. Networks must operate without government subsidies.
  4. Networks pay 5% of gross revenues for non-exclusive use of Rights of Way, or what existing laws require of other infrastructure networks using public Rights of Ways.
  5. Aboveground Networks must gather at least 2 megawatt-hours of renewable energy per typical mile per typical day.
  6. In collaboration with the State government, a Web-based Document System (WDS) will be provided with secure access to all jurisdictions. Each Network Plan will be posted to the WDS. Plans not rejected in writing within 14 days are approved.
    • The objective of this provision is to protect the interests of communities, remove bureaucratic delays, and remove problems coordinating with multiple agencies.
    • This only applies to Networks 5 times more efficient than existing networks.
  7. Networks are regulated for safety by existing theme park regulations (typically ASTM F24).
    • This provides a 50,000-times better standard than Federal DOT:
      • 0.2 injuries per million using ASTM F24
      • 11,200 injuries per million using Federal DOT regulations.

Here is the 5X5 Standard pending in the Massachusetts legislature.


  1. The Constitution is the primary Rule of Law in America.
  2. The Constitution Divided Sovereignty in the Preamble, as restated in Amendments 9 and 10:
    • People retain all liberties not enumerated as sacrificed in written Constitutions.
    • The federal government has unlimited taxing powers for the limited sovereignty of waging war and suppressing behaviors that build paths to war.
    • The state governments are sovereign over issues of crimes, civil disputes, and other areas specifically enumerated in their constitutions.


Boston Tea Party resulted in the “post Roads” restriction in the Constitution. It forbids the mixing of Federal taxing for war-powers with taxing for commercial interests, “internal improvements.”

  1. Since the 16th, 17th, and 18th Amendments and The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1916, politicians mixed war-making with their commercial interests resulting in Civilization Killers of:
  1. Enforcing the Constitution provides the path to creating millions of jobs converting traffic costs into value and preempting Civilization Killers. Restoring the Rule of Law in transportation today will repeat the benefits of restoring the Rule of Law in communications in 1982: